Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864
Unconditional Peace in Vienna.
It was a very depressed Denmark
the soldiers returned to.
This is clearly reflected in the king, Christian IX's, proclamation
to the returning
The battle has ended!
From war's bloody journeyyou
return to your normal doings.
war has claimed its heavy tolls, and even even
heavier tolls may peace be
But the well of the
Homeland, forces us to prefer peace rather
than a continued conflict.
I know that your courage is unwavering - I know that the army is still
prepared to take up battle against the enemy -
but we can't control the uotcome,
and while being fought, is the preponderant part of the land in the
from a pressure, which
will soon lead to
Therefore the hostilities
must be ended,
Abandonment of Land Elements, that from ancient times
have belonged to Denmark and to which all Danish hearts
For you, soldiers,
is the outcome of the battle double heavy. You
struggled and your blood ran for a cause, we now have
had to abandon.
But you leave this battle with glory.
It must be acknowledged that the task you from the
beginning were ordered to do, was more than difficult;
two Great Powers, you were only a
Any hope for help failed, the enemy's superior force forced you back but
not his power nor winter's harshness
Therefore, before you depart,
accept the gratitude of your king.
With deep grief, I have followed you in
sorrow mixed pride I've seen
Preserve with calmness your future peaceful occupations
and the self-sacrifice you
have shown in battle.
Retain, above all, the love
to King and country which
Patriotic has guided you.
With Providence Assistance Denmark
will still be able to
hope for happy
Future, although the nearest time seams
dark and menacing.
Act in peace, as you
acted in battle, and you will help your country well, as
you have so far defended its
Copenhagen, August 8th 1864
Headquarters in Soenderborg in both 1884
Peace talks after the defeat
took place in the old imperial Vienna and
the Danish negotiators were placed on a impossible
After months of wrangling, during which the German occupation troops
plundered the population of
Jutland, it ended
with a purely
At the peace,
October 30th 1864, Denmark had to
give up the duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and
Lauenburg to Prussia
Thus we at the peace lost almost 40% of our land and population.
Denmark was now a tiny state of only 1.7 million
peace treaty it was possible for the inhabitants of the transferred areas to
preserve their Danish citizenship
in their homes
if they "did not fall for trouble."
Since it entirely up to the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871
was figured a new war between Denmark and Germany was possible,
many chose to move to Denmark.
The Danish-minded Schleswigers did not want to fight against
countrymen in a third Danish-
no more military confrontations between
Germany, and nobody could have guessed that many
50 years later, would be conscripted into service by the
Imperial German army and had to fight on distant
fronts during the first
5000 of them were killed in action.
Prussian monoment for the victory
at Dybboel on the redoubt
Prussian monoment for the victory
mid May 1945 unknown persons,
former resistance fighters,
victory monuments in Dybbøl and Arnkil and
a German monument at Knivsbjerg.
Danish Leaders During the
Monrad plunged following the defeat of religious books and emigrated in
1865 as a pioneer to
New Zealand. He meant, according to his
memoirs, that the only way to leave politics was
til leave Copenhegen
On his return he became Bishop.
Monrad died in 1887.
General de Meza was under pressure from the
the tabloid press in Copenhagen after having saved
his army out
of the impossible
situation of Dannevirke.
This was in contradiction with D.G.Monrads
orders: Dannevirke was under no
circumstances to be
untill 1 / 3 of the men
(10-15.000) were killed or wounded.
De Meza never recovered from this injustice, and he died sick and
broken in 1865. It has
though many years been broad
agreed, that he did the only possible
acted military correct.
General Gerlach took over as commanding general for the Meza, but
was dismissed after the war. He made the opposite
mistake of de
Meza, and followed
and kept the army at the Dybboel position wherebythe entire army was virtually destroyed.
Gerlach died in 1865.
The road leading to the gate to
the Sønderborg barracks is named after
the General, Gerlach Street.
du Plat who, in recognition of the impossible situation just
before the final Prussian attack at the Dybboel stronghold, offered
the seriously ill
Gerlach to take command as the oldest officer and responsibly bring the
troops back to the peninsula Als, was killed south of
This occurred while he tried to
inspire the soldiers from the
destoyed redoubts of a renewed counterattack.
A monument is
raised on the place where he
He is buried
at the Soderup Cemetery.
following orders, pulled
Division's 9000 men up through Jutland instead of
continued his military career until 1867, where
he was dismissed.
There has been much discussion about whether the march up through
Jutland was the right thing to do.
General Raasløff, who fought under the first
Schleswig War (Isted and Fredericia) resigned in 1851 and went to USA
for a long time worked for
the sale of the West Indies.
He believed it was a most risky foreign policy for Denmark to be part of the colonial
the great powers.
called back to Denmark and deployed as war minister in 1866
the new army law of 1867.
Raasløff died in 1883.
General Bülow became political example of the appointment of higher
He was as colonel nearly
dismissed by reason of infirmity, but in an
interview with the War
Minister, he discovered that Bülow
had the skills gthe army needed desperately. The ability of leading
Since the discussion after 1865 raged about good and bad
officers Bülows example was
highlighted as the leader who
to warfare less than the
life in the barracks, drills and
Bülow had, like Meza and Gerlach, problems with
the ministers of war.
The outcome of Fredericia in 1848 was in direct contradiction
with the Secretary of War
Hansen and probably only the successful operations saves Bülow
In 1856 Bülow
resigned from the
army and lived on Sandbjerg Castle on Sundeved until his death in
1858. Bülow is buried in Dybbøl Cemetery.
Memorials at the stronghold Dybboel