Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864
The battles of the first
Danish-Prussian War 1848-51
the surprise of Rendsburg penetrated the Schleswig-Holstein troops
towards the north, but they were repulsed on April 9th at
Battle of Bov.
rest of the rebel army fled back to the fortress of Rendsburg and the
Danish army again took
control of Schleswig
down to the River Eider.
retreating from Bov.
and the German Federation decided to get the rebels to help, and under
the command of the
General Wrangel 32,000 men with 74 guns attacked the Danish positions in
the battle of Schleswig, on the Danish Easter
Monday, April 23rd
Despite a heavy defense the approx.
10,000 Danish troops with
32 cannons failed to keep the position, and they retreated to Als.
From Als General Hedemann and Colonel F.A. Schleppegrell launched an
attack on Nybøl, May 28th 1848.
This victory and the following
victory on the Dybbøl
June 5th , caused excitement in the Danish population, but
some reluctance among the great nations in the region.
Russia would not allow Prussia to pass the creek Kongeåen and hereby
into the Danish kingdom.
fighting faded out, and 26
August 26th ceasefire was concluded in Malmo.
Battle at Dybboel 1848
following year the Danish side terminated the Armistice and the war
Danish army consisted of 41,000 men, while
Schleswig-Holstein were able to pattern more than 65000. Facing this power, the Danes decided to retreat northwards.
the anniversary of the Battle of Schleswig and after the Danish army
lost the Battle of Kolding, and the
Prussian troops occupied
the area up to The city Aarhus.
Street fights in
Olaf Rye therefore withdrew his brigade out on the peninsula Mols and
entrenched themselves on Helgenaes while the brigade
of General de Meza
remained on Als
General de Meza
In Fredericia a force of 19,000 men under the command of Colonel N.C.
Lunding was besieged by rebellious 14,000 Schleswig-Holstein.
was authorized by the General Bülow to make a breakout from Fredericia.
Rye sailed his troops from Helgenæs to Fyn and
further on to Fredericia,
while general de Meza was pulled from Als to Funen, and
from there to Fredericia in small boats.
Commanding general Bülow
Colonel N.C. Lunding
of Fredericia started on 6
July 6th 1849.
Although the Danes were in the majority, the enemy troops had the
fighting from fortified positions.
was a tough fight and the outcome was uncertain right up until sunset,
when the battle was settled and
the Schleswig-Holstein troops were on
There were several hundred dead, mostly Danish, and among them General
This Battle of Fredericia, is one of the most famous battles in
Danish military history.
Now Russia intervened and threatened to break the relations with
Prussia, why General Wrangel
was ordered to vacate Jutland.
June 2nd 1850 a peace agreement was signed by Prussia and
Denmark and 10
July 10th 1850 also by* the German Federation and
Schleswig-Holstein forces continued the war alone, without support from
the other German states, until they on
1850 suffered a decisive defeat in the largest
battle in the history of Denmark.
During the Battle at Isted Hede fought about
36,000 Danish soldiers against 26,000 of Schleswig-Holstein rebel army.
When the battle ended 12 hours later with 3,798 dead and
on the Danish, and 2,828 at the Schleswig-Holstein side.
Among the fallen were among others
General Schleppegrell and
victory at Isted had great national significance as it came to symbolize
victory throughout the
As a symbol of this, the Isted Lion
(Istedløven) was mounted on the
The Isted Lion at
October 1850 was the last war, when the Schleswig-Holstein troops
The city was badly damaged, but the
attack was a failure and the
Schleswid-Holstein army was defeated.
The attack on Frederiksstad
end of the first Danish-Prussian War.
May 1852 the Great Powers, England, Russia, France, Austria and Prussia
protocol in London, which maintained the
The Danish hegemony over Schleswig and Holstein was still
But duchies was not to be connected with eighter
Denmark or with each
Only after the issuance of the London Protocol, the civilian authorities
in the Danish United Monarchy could
resume control of the duchies.
Copenhagen, it was all considered a great national triumph and national
The returning soldiers
celebrated for a great military victory.
The returning soldiers are celebrated in Copenhagen 1851
Soldier reunited with
In the background a woman in black.......
It is said to be the widdow of General Rye