Danish version  

  The Author of this site

  Denmark and the Cold War

  The Stevns Fort

  HAWK, Hoejerup

  HAWK,  Stevns  Fort

  NIKE,  Sigerslev

  The Support Units

  The Cold War Museum

 

  Other Cold War Forts
  in Denmark

  The Langelands Fort

  The Bangsbo Fort

  Start
 

 

 

 

 















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































 


The Armed Forces at the Danish Peninsula Stevns during the Cold War
   The NIKE Firing Area Sigerslev
      The Danish Air Defence Group
       Squadron 533

 

 
                                                        
                                                            Launching a Nike Hercules

                 Nike Ajax

                                                      
                                                                   Nike Hercules

 
 
Some NIKE history
 

 1952   Development of an improved Nike missile began to obtain a better performance than MIM-3 Nike Ajax (then known simply
             as Nike).

 1953  The SAM-A-25 Nike B program was formally established. Western Electric was prime contractor, and Douglas was respon-
            sible for the missile airframe.
 1955  First flight tests with the liquid-fuel sustainer. Very troublesome.
 1956  The Nike B renamed Nike Hercules
 1956  The first successful interception of a drone target occurred
 1957  The new solid-fuel sustainer flew for the first time.
 1958  The first production Nike Hercules missiles were delivered

 The NIKE Area:

 IFC (Integrated Fire Control Area) later FCA (Fire Control Area) COMPOSED OF:

    - ACQUISITION RADAR (ACQ) WITH AN IDENTIFICATION FRIEND OR FOE (IFF) SYSTEM.

    - DIRECTOR STATION (DS)

    - TARGET TRACKING RADAR (TTR)     

    - MISSILE TRACKING RADAR (MTR)

    - TRACKING STATION (TS)
 
   Later they got an HIGH POWER ACQUISITION RADAR (1964) and a TARGET RANGING RADAR (1970)
   This made it possible to engage hostile ballistic missiles.
 
  The distance between the the IFC and the LCA should be 1 to 5 kilometes. Closer than 1 kilometer, the MTR was not able to
   follow the missile du to the launch speed. The IFC nd the LCA were connected by cables.
 
 
LAUNCHER CONTROL AREA  (LCA) COMPOSED OF:

   
    MISSILE ASSEMBLY & WARHEAD MISSILE STORAGE FACILIITIES
    A LUANCHER CONTROL STATION (LCS)
    THE LAUNCHERS (3 SECTIONS WITH 3 LAUNCHERS EACH)
    A STORAGE IN EACH SECTION FOR FURTHER MIISILES
    A CONTROL ROOM IN EACH SECTION
    THE MISSILES

  In the launcher area there was an assembly area, where the missiles were  mounted. Motor and warhead was mounted in the
  Revetted Area. The distance between the launch sections are long enough, so that the personel could work in open air with
  two sections while the third was firing.

  The NIKE system worked on normal power (230 V), that was transformed to american values (120 V 400 Hz). 

  The first Danish SAM (surface to air missile) unit, was formed in Fort Bliss, El Paso USA. 1959
 

        
          NIKE AJAX at the SAM School

The SAM school in USA

The Gate to the School

 

                 Launching computer


 
After training they moved back to Denmark. The unit was composed of one staff and four batteries. Originally the batteries were
  part of the Army (10. Luftværnsafdeling) but in 1962 they became part of the Airforce as Squadron 531 - 532 - 533 - 534.
  Their main task was to defend Copenhagen.

 The launchers were mounted 1960, the NIKE HERCULES and the older NIKE AJAX. Same year they were declared operational
  along with the Airforce fighters. The Headquartes was in The Avedøre Lejr, a military facility from WW 1, 10 kilometres west of
 Copenhagen 
 The launcher areas were mounted in Gunderød (North Sjaelland) Kongelunden on Amager (island on the east coast of Copen-
  hagen, Tune 40 kilometrest og Copenhagen and finally Sigeslev 50 kilometres south of Copenhagen.

 

 The overall control of the NIKE batteries was the Ejbybro Bunker. It was build in the old fortificaton Line Vestvolden 10 kilometres
  west of Copenhagen. This facility cooperated with the Airforce radar stations and the Airforce command i Karup in Jutland.
  

                                                               Firing a NIKE Hercules
 

 
NIKE Launching Area Sigerslev.

               Map NIKE Firing Area Sigerslev
 

 The buildings

 
        The main gate to the LCA
 The command building to the right
 and the Assembly to the left.
 
 
 The guard and Command Building.
 The LCA platoon leaders office,
 facilities for sleeping and eating.
 
 
     North end of the assembly area

    South end af the assembly area

       The Missile on the Trolley (USA)

 Repair and assembly of the  missiles, except the motors and the warheads. Also repair of all  the LCA equipment. The trolleys
 and cranes for the  missiles, that weighted 5 tons each,  were placed at the apron  North  of the building . After the assembly, 
 the missles were brought out of  the southern end of the building  and to mounting of the rocket motor and the  warhead in
 the Revetted Area.

              
                  A little building for storing liquid
                  fuel for the NIKE Ajax.

 

      A garage for tractors and other
      working vehicles.
 
The Revetted Area. Here rocket motors and warheads were mounted in the missiles.
Outside, but behind the rampage, the NIKE Ajax missiles were fueled with af very flammable mixture of fluid fuel.
 
               

There are no photos of the little store of lubricates and the transformer and Generator house.for tactical power. It contained a trans-
former to transform Danish power (230 V) to American values (12o V 400 Hz) The generator could produce tactical power to the
area if normal power failed. The buildings have been used to other purposes and are in a very poor condition.


 The Launcher Control Area 

 From the assembly area and the Revetted Area, a road leads about 500 meters to the
 Launcher Area.

 
         
            The road between the revetted area
                    and the launcher sections.
 

  Guard Tower, flanking position at the
          entrance to section B and C
 

         Interior of the guard tower


 

 Inside the Launch Area, the double fences vith guard towers between the double fense are interesting.  These were not  the
 standards of the Danish military facilities. 
 
            
                               The area

          The guard towers

 

 

 The explanation for this high security is, that it might become neccesary to change the normal warheads to nuclear war-
 heads. This could be done in the Launch Area.
 Denmark had, after heavy Soviet pressure, refused nuclear weapons on Danish soil in mid 1950´s.
 But just south of the boarder, at Flensborg Meden,nuclear weapons for Denmark was stored. Both for the artillery and the missiles.
 The storage (Sonderrwaffenlager) was named SAS Meyn.

 
 
          The SAS Meyn at Meden, Flensburg

 In a memo from the chief of defence to the Danish Government april 1959, it is stated, that the few number of missiles was not
 effective unless they were armed with nuclear warheads. And here we are talking about all the Danish missiles, both the SAM
 (Surface to air missile NIKE)  and the SSM (Surface-to- surface-missile Honest John)
 
 The Launcher Area was composed af 3 launching areas. Each of a storing facility, a bunker for the firing crew, 3 launchers
 and rapages around it.  
 
         
           Road to launcher section B
 

       Launcher Section B
 
 
   Missile hangar for missiles
                (Section B)

  Bunker for control personel
              (Section B)

 At Sigerslev, only launcher area B is nice and tidy. In section B and C It is still possible to see where the launchers were
 positioned. 
 
    NIKE Hercules at
   the Sigerslev Site
 

 In the rampage of each of the three launching sections, there was a control bunker.
 
      
 
 

           The control bunker

 
  
      The door to the bunker
 
    
             Inside door.

 In the rampage og each launcher section, there was abunker for the control Personel.
 1 launcher commander
 1 Panel operator
 3 Missile men ( 1 for each launcher)
 1 Generator operator
 It was possible to slepp inside if high alert was stated. At high alert during the 60´es, they should be able to launch the 1.
 missile within 5 minutes.
 
                A frosty morning at Sigerslev.
                     The picturs are taken at the
                     Revetted Area
                     NIKE Ajax, Possibly  in Section C.

 There were steelplates on the platform, to protect it against the blast when launching. Only In section C they are left.
 
                             
           Shield on the door to the
         control bunker in Section C
 

 
               
                               Launch area C
 

                  Launch area C
 

                    Launch area B
 

Launching a NIKE Ajax
 
        
    Launching a NIKE Hercules
 


 
           

 In the three launcher sections (A-C) there are a little building for an emengency generator.
 
                                   
                                        Section A. The powerboard is
                                         inside the door to the right.
 
The power board inside

  There still are a lot of different power boards in the generator buildings
        

 In 1969 the NIKE AJAX went out of service and in 1981 and 1983  the 4 NIKE HERCULES Squadrons went out of  service.
 For a few years some HAWK batteries were stationed here after The Nike Sections left it.
 
                                     Squadron mark 543 on the storage
                                     building in section B.
 
                                     543 was the HAWK squadron on the
                                     HAWK Launch Area Hoejerup untill
                                     2000.

  The NIKE system was replaced by the HAWK in 1981- 83. Hawk was active until 2000.
  
 To day Firing Area Sigerslev is private property. Some of the buildings has been used for different  activities, and time has
  been hard for some of them.  

 The Fire Control Area

 At Mandehoved (Flagbanken) the Fire Control Area (the radars) was placed. There never was a HIPAR at Stevns, only at the base
 in Tune west of  Copenhagen.

                    Fire Control Area Flagbanken.
                   
 




 

 

                           The cooperation between the
                            missile  and the radar
                            The Lopar and the Hipar.




 


 
 
                     The HIPAR (USA)
 

                        The LOPAR (USA)
 

                 
 
 The stand for the
 TTR (Target
 Tracking Radar)
 and the two  operator
 buildings at
 Stevns.
 
 Panels from the
 buildings are
 shown below
             Control panels
             TTR (Target Tracking Radar)
             TRR (Target Ranging  Radar)
 

 
        Tactical Control Officer
         (TCO)  panel
 

 
                                   
                                                              TTR
                                         
                                                    

                              TRR

The barracks, FSNSIG (Air Station Sigerslev )

A few hundred metres north of the Fire Control Area, the barracks were placed.

                                                    
                                      

                                The Barracks.
 
          
 

 

 
            
              2 similar views from the HIPAR
                 stand  towards the Barracks.

 Left: before 2000

                                              Right: Summer 2008.

 

 
 
Today, The Fire Control Area is open for the public. The HIPAR stand is used by ornithologists.

 The barracks was for some years a refuge Center under The Danish red Cross. To day, the buildings are empty and for sale.
 

 
The Staff

 The Staff of the missile-bataillon was stationed in the Avedøre Camp. Old Barracks from WW 1 in Hvidovre,  10 miles west of
 Copenhagen. The Barracks were build 1911-13.

 To day, the Barracks is modernized as private flats.
 
                                            The command building
                                             with an AA-gun

 

                       The Missile Operations Central.

                         The command of the missile Defence of  Copenhagen was
                         placed at the Ejbybro Bunker just outside the City.
                         The area was the pre-WW I defence line of Copenhagen.
                         The Bunker consisted of several floors under  the surface.
                         It is build into a rampage of the old 1886 defence  line of the city,
                         and is only visible from the front.

               
         

 Only two corners and the front
 of the bunker  are visible

    
                 
              The Main Gate  to the bunker site
 

      The gate to the bunker
 
    
 The armoured door to the bunker
 
                                                   
                                                     The guard at the entrance inside
 

 
                    Interior
 
               

 

  The situation room. 2 floors
 


 
                                                   
                                                         The Emergency generator

      The kitchen