Danish version  

  The Author of this site

  Denmark and the Cold War

  The Stevns Fort

  HAWK, Hoejerup

  HAWK,  Stevns  Fort

  NIKE,  Sigerslev

  The Support Units

  The Cold War Museum


  Other Cold War Sites
  in Denmark

  The Langelands Fort

  The Bangsbo Fort






The Armed Forces at the Danish Peninsula Stevns during the Cold War


The background of the Stevns Fort

 The strategic position of Denmark.

 The position of Denmark on the map as “the Cork in the Baltic” was vital to NATO during the cold war. The only way out of the
 Baltic Sea was through Danish waters.
No Warsaw Pact transports or warships were able to pass Danish waters without being
 observed or even fired
 As an example, the ships that carried missiles to Cuba in 1962
, were observed from the Langelands Fort the first  time.

                              The only route form the Baltic to the Kattegat
North See was the tree narrow straits
 Storebaelt and  Lillebaelt.

 Because of the strategic position mentioned above, Denmark was an obvious target for the Warsaw Pact.  According to the
 Soviet plans, forces from East Germany and Poland should land in The Fakse Bay and large
armoured forces should advance
 through West Germany and among other places, into Jutland from the south.
 The attack on Denmark was scheduled from the 5th´to the 9th day of the attack. During this attack nuclear
weapons were
 planned used against the two cities Esbjerg and Roskilde. Esbjerg because
 of the very big harbour. NATO forces were planning
 to use Esbjerg  landing i Jutland. Roskilde was chosen as a demonstration of the ability and the will to use nuclear

                                 Map from a Polish exercise in 1954
The map illustrates an amphibious
                                 operation against the Danish island
                                 Zealand (upper left corner) Bornholm
(right) and southern Sweden (top).
      The interesting about this exercise
                                 is Sweden.
                                 Sweden was declared neutral, and a
                                 scenario like this would send Sweden
                                 to war, either to defend their neutrality
                                 or on the NATO side.  

         The Positions

n eventual third nuclear weapon was also planned to be used eighter against the area around The Langelands Fort or the
 Stevns Fort.
Possibly both.
 The areas picked out as possible nuclear targets were chosen in order not to disturb the advance of the Warsaw
Pact troops.
 The nuclear weapons in question were far too big for the actual targets, and after the nuclear accident in the Soviet
reactor in
 Chernobyl, the Russians decreased the size of planned nuclear weapons. 
 Denmark had tactical nuclear weapons stored just south of the boarder in West Germany, but it is a question if
there would
 have the time or American permission to bring it up to the artillery in Jutland and Zealand.

  The SAS Meyn at Meden, Flensburg
   The SAS Meyn at Meden, Flensburg

 To secure the Danish straits, two forts were build during the 1950’s.  The Langelands Fort and the Stevns Fort. Together with
 The Bangsbro Fort, an old German WW2 fort in Northern Jutland, it was possible to control and
defend the  passage of the
 Danish straits.

 Expected opponents, among a lot other
s, to the Danish Defence:

            TU-26 backfire

             MIG-27 Flogger D

  Warsaw Pact T-72
Warsaw Pact BMP 1
                          BMP 1

  Sverdlov-class cruiser

There is no doubt, that a conflict between the Warsaw Pact and NATO on Danish soil, would have been very  serious for
 Denmark. Both for the army and the civilians as well.